How to Perform First Aid for a Head Injury

Most head injuries are minor in nature and do not require hospitalization or special treatment. However, even minor head injuries can cause symptoms that reoccur if not handled correctly. If you ever find yourself in a position to provide aid to someone who has suffered trauma to the head, there are a few things you should understand.

Look for Signs

An injury to the head that is accompanied by other symptoms can be a sign of a serious brain injury. It is important to notice symptoms early because there are numerous brain injuries that require immediate attention from a medical professional. These symptoms include a loss of consciousness, headache, nausea or vomiting, and dizziness. All of these symptoms can be signs of a concussion when they accompany head trauma. 

Loss of blood is also a cause for concern, but is not always a sign of a serious injury. In any event, the wound that is the source of the blood loss will have to be addressed.

What You Can Do

The action taken in the immediate aftermath of a head injury is extremely important. You should make sure the injured person is lying down and remains as still as possible. You should also elevate their head and shoulders a little off the ground or floor. The person should refrain from moving their head and neck while keeping their body remaining completely stationary. Do not remove any helmets or other headgear if the injured person is wearing one at the time of the injury.

Get the Victim to a Hospital

Your first-aid efforts are extremely important, but the injured person will still need to be examined by a professional. This is true regardless of the seriousness of the head injury. You can choose to drive the injured person to the hospital if they are coherent and do not appear too badly injured. If the person has suffered serious trauma to the head and neck areas, it is probably better to call for an ambulance and help to keep the person as still and calm as possible until help arrives.

All head injuries are serious in nature but, many times, the injured person will be just fine. However, it is important to remember that several serious conditions are possible when an injury to the brain occurs. The action you take when giving first aid to a person affected by a traumatic brain injury can make a huge difference in the long-term outcome for the injured person.

Learn more about Basic First Aid by registering for one of our CPR, AED, and Basic First Aid Training courses today!